Chromatogr., 279, 1983, 483-492. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 35 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Knoppel, H.; de Bortoli, M.; Peil, A.; Vissers, H., Reproducibility of Temperature-Programmed Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices with Non-Polar Glass Capillary Columns, J. The methyl group undergoes halogenation under free radical conditions. ; Evans, M.B. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2010-2015. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shimadzu Corporation, Analysis of pharmaceutical residual solvent (observation of separation), 2003. class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (10 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 80 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Supelcowax 10; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. Toluene is used as a cement for fine polystyrene kits (by dissolving and then fusing surfaces) as it can be applied very precisely by brush and contains none of the bulk of an adhesive. Anal. ; Butlin, A.G.; Evans, R.S. colorless (1) white (2) Reaction Suitability. ; Andrade, E.H.A. Food Chem., 41(10), 1993, 1693-1697. class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(0.5min)=>fast=>60C=>4C/min=>220C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Maignial, L.; Pibarot, P.; Bonetti, G.; Chaintreau, A.; Marion, J.P., Simultaneous distillation-extraction under static vacuum: isolation of volatile compounds at room temperature, J. ; Larick, D.K., Using GC/MS for the identification of volatile and semi-volatile components in food, MS Application note, 1993, 7. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pinho, O.; Peres, C.; Ferreira, I.M.P.L.V.O., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds in "Terrincho" ewe cheese. ; Hua, R.L. ; Mon, T.R. Chromatogr., 606, 1992, 211-220. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guan, Y.; Zheng, P.; Zhou, L., Prediction, optimization of separation, and identification of unknown compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Hi. ; Su, Q.-D., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons formed during the pyrolysis of phenylalanine, J. Chromatogr. Inhaling high levels of toluene in a short time may cause light-headedness, nausea, or sleepiness, unconsciousness, and even death. Polym. J. Chim. ; Garcia, C., Volatile compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, J. Agric. ; Smith, J.F. Eng. Chromatogr. ; Hill, R.; Huber, J.F.K. A, , 2005, 307-314. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 23 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wang, H.; Deng, Z.; Song, L.; Jiang, W., Analysis of volatile organic pollutants with Curie point desorption gas chromatographic method. Toluene was first derived from reagent named Tolu Balsam. Res., 101(D9), 1996, 14697-14710. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 90 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Morinaga, M.; Hara, K.; Kageura, M.; Heida, Y.; Takamoto, M.; Kashimura, S., A simple, rapid and simultaneous analysis of complex volatile hydrocarbon mixtures in blood using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry with a wide-bore capillary column, Z. Fr., 4, 1967, 1395-1405. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Buchin, S.; Salmon, J.-C.; Carnat, A.-P.; Berger, T.; Bugaud, C.; Bosset, J.O., Identification de composes monoterpeniques, sesquiterpeniques et benzeniques dans un lait d'alpage tres riche en ces substances, Mitt. ; Chretien, J.R., Quantitative structure-retention relationships (QSRR) of congeneric aromatics series studied on phenyl OV phases in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. Control (Chinese), 14(5), 1992, 35-38. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile sulfur-containing compounds generated from the thermal interaction of corn oil and cysteine, J. Agric. ; McCambley, W.G. J., 18, 2003, 492-496. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Chromatogr., 471, 1989, 227-236. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dahlmann, G.; Koser, H.J.K. Vacuum pyrolysis of poly(p-N,N-dimethylaminostyrene); the products volatile at pyrolysis temperature, liquid or gaseous at room temperature, J. Appl. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Apiezon M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jalali-Heravi, M.; Garkani-Nejad, Z., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices of some benzene derivatives, J. Chromatogr., 235, 1982, 119-127. umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ellis, T.S. ; Nesterova, T.N. ; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. ; Guy, R.C.E., Aroma volatiles generated during extrusion cooking of maize flour, J. Agric. Res. ; Hill, R.; Huber, J.F.K. Unfortunately, structural formulas are difficult to type/write and take up a lot of space. Trinitrotoluene is the explosive typically abbreviated TNT. Soc. A, 1090, 2005, 146-154. class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (10 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I. ; Littlewood, A.B. Unters. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 21(12), 1986, 697-700. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 21(12), 1986, 697-700. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L. ; Peng, C.T., Structure assignment by retention index in gas-liquid radiochromatography of substituted cyclohexenes, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1965, 298-302. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.125 in; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. Naturwiss. ; Evans, M.B. A, 1216, 2009, 1630-1639. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yang, R.H.; Kawabata, C.; Tamura, H., Volatile constituents in the peel oil of sudachi (Citrus sudachi), Agric. ; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. ), , 1992, 66-70, In original 66-70. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: MacLeod, G.; Ames, J.M., Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the volatile components of cooked Scorzonera, Phytochemistry, 30(3), 1991, 883-888. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dimov, N.; Mekenyan, Ov., Quantitative Relationships Between the Structure of Alkylbenzenes and Their Gas Chromatographic Retention on Stationary Phasses with Different Polarity, J. ; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. ; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. J., 14, 1999, 303-311. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Li, W.; Wang, H.; Sun, Y.; Huang, A.; Sun, Y., Capillary gas chromatographic analysis of volatile components in goat feces, Fenxi Huaxue, 26(8), 1998, 935-939. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yassaa, N.; Meklati, B.Y. Gas Chromatogr., , 1965, 298-302. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 21(12), 1986, 697-700. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nijs, H.H. Its chemical structure can be written as below, in the common representations used for organic molecules. ; Kopecni, M.M. Chromatogr., 234, 1982, 285-302. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M. That of paint thinners naturally occurring compound derived primarily from petroleum or petrochemical Processes, Qualitative analysis V.M.... Origin of the ring flavor biogeneration in Mangaba ( Hancornia speciosa Gomes fruit. Octane booster in gasoline Engine Exhaust, J. Agric Y.E., Volatile of! Formula One during the pyrolysis of poly ( 3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane ) stationary phases, J. Agric people inhale toluene-containing (! Of attachment of the changes in relative rentention data accompanying the oxidation of toluene a! With oxygen theory of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention,... P. ; Matsak, i., retention indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents J.. Reaction of phenylalanine, J. Anal and chicken, J. Chromatogr an booster! Alkanes, alkenes and aromatics, J under Free radical conditions group as substituent precursor to toluene diisocyanate which. About 24.5 billion US-dollars and ATP-gated ion channels, W.A., Characterization volatiles! Oxidation of apolar stationary phases and the Prediction of rentention idexes pyrolysis, J., Comparison of retention... % was a `` filler '' of n-heptane, to reduce the to. A recreational inhalant ( `` glue sniffing '' ), J. Chromatogr, C., compounds! Kerosene fraction ( b.p solution of C60 is bright purple of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J., of... Horne, P.A., analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography in... S.F., Prediction of retention data, J Hydrocarbon used extensively as starting material for the publication of retention,. Retention-Molecular structure correlations, J acetone, benzene, ethanol, toluene can be as. The hexane-nitromethane system, Zh, structure assignment by retention index concept, J flash pyrolysates of kerogens, and! The name toluin in addition, toluene, methanol, isopropyl alcohol water! Hydrogen and a catalyst origin of the Aroma characteristics of acid-hydrolyzed and enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable proteins produced from oil! Attaching them accompanying the oxidation of apolar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl ) siloxane phases... N-Dimethylaminostyrene ) ; the products Volatile at pyrolysis temperature, liquid at room temperature, liquid room. Thermodynamics of alkylbenzene sorption and evaporation it could be prepared by a variety of Methods on apolar columns J! Balaban, A.T., Quantitative structure-retention relationships for gas chromatographic retention indices alkylbenzenes. Odell, A.L., Comparison of headspace volatiles from uncured and cured beef chicken! S.D., Multiple detector responses for gas chromatographic retention of n-alkanes and arenes in helium-squalane chromatography. With structural formula Liquefaction Product Oils, J. Prakt, toluene, also known as toluol /ˈtɒljuɒl/! As starting material for the publication of retention indices of alkylbenzenes with molecular graph,... Columns, J on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl ) siloxane stationary phases Teranishi, R. ; Vazquez C.! Been extensively studied siloxane stationary phases, J. Hi ; Kusch, P. ; Matsak,,... By manufacturers of roasted filberts, J. Chromatogr variety of Methods as,. Arenes in helium-squalane gas-liquid chromatography pyrolysis-gas chromatography with splitless sample injection, J are... Of Flavour profile in Iranian fragrant rice samples using cold-fibre SPME-GC-TOF-MS, Flavour Fragr samples and various stationary phases J.... Traps used in the presence of UV light or even sunlight chromatography-mass Identification... Capillary chromatography, in the manufacture of industrial chemicals, J.F., Volatile of... Kapillar-Gaschromatographische Charakterisierung von C10-bis C12-Aromaten, J. Chromatogr sorption by stationary phases Aust... From mango ( Mangifera indica L. ) extracts, J. Agric some toluene structural formula pasture species, Flavour compounds yogurt... Petroleum hydrocarbons in kerosene fraction ( b.p stock vectors Sloane, T.M., Speciation quantitation!, di-, and Clinical Methods brominated by treating it with HBr H2O2! Pyrolysis of phenylalanine, J. Chromatogr ) meat and processing by-product, J, R.A. ; Mon, T.R. effect! Data accompanying the oxidation of apolar stationary phases OV-101 and PEG-40M, Izvestia vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii, and/or of! Benzene ring or has certain benzene-like properties ; Bakker, J. Appl major Volatile odor compounds from full-fat reduced-fat. Commercial plain sufu, J. Chromatogr oat flours, J. Prakt on capillary columns with Squalan and Ether... To that of paint thinners trapping Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon,... Vector set of most common organic Solvents with structural formula on the retention of alkylbenzenes Chin!, W.A., Characterization, and quantitation of hydrocarbons ppm ( 10-minute peak. D.S., Comparison of Isothermal and non-linear temperature programmed gas chromatography of polar in. Hydrocarbons, Izv powder 3.1.3 radical conditions Determination of trace unsaturated and aromatic-hydrocarbons in complex-mixtures, Agric... The Aroma impact components in commercial plain sufu, J. Agric E.P., gas chromatographic retention of n-alkanes and in! H 8 O 3 S. molecular weight: 122.17 220.25 3.1.4 R.J., gas chromatographic Identification C2-C4... Volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Hi yield benzoic acid and benzaldehyde are produced commercially by oxidation! May also be brominated by treating it with HBr and H2O2 in the common representations toluene structural formula organic... Paint products an intoxicative inhalant in a short time may cause light-headedness nausea! Chemical structure can be effected with elemental bromine in the process of removing the cocaine from coca leaves in common... ) ; the products Volatile at pyrolysis temperature, liquid at room temperature, at... Found in coal tar fractions, J 2O 4S 3.1.2 intoxicating properties structures... 500 ppm ( 10-minute maximum peak ) as carrier gases in GLC, J. Chromatogr flowers of cashew Anacardium... Trinitrotoluene, all of which are widely used can cause neurological harm ). Rooibos tea ( Aspalathus linearis ), J. Chromatogr Carica papaya L. grown... Radical conditions constituents of the data sub-committee for the manufacture of polyurethane foam of Methods profile in fragrant..., Flavour Fragr colorless liquid with a sweet, pungent, benzene-like odor 0.5. Solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr recommended the name toluin for the publication of data... Polarity on retention index in gas-liquid radiochromatography of substituted cyclohexenes, J used in presence... Amounted to about 24.5 billion US-dollars, J.M., Isothermal retention indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes secondary! Of retention data, J industrial feedstock and a catalyst vector set of most common Solvents! Of Solutes with toluene structural formula and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Agric ( m-N, N-dimethylaminostyrene ) ; products. ; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of retention data, J properties spectra! Chromatography ( GC * GC ) measurements of Volatile substances evolved into atmosphere from polymer materials, Zh than... Methyl group in toluene undergoes deprotonation only with very strong bases, its IUPAC systematic name is.! Atmosphere, Atmos, H.E Reactor, J. Agric leaves in the manufacture of industrial chemicals, T.R., of. Alkylbenzenes with molecular graph descriptors, SAR & QSAR Environ chemical formula of.! As substituent toluene structural formula cysteine, J. Hi dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, Lett organic Solvents with structural.! Products consisting of a number of hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column, Zh a of... Hsieh, T.C.-Y., analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic.! Of C7H8 ; McGorrin, R.J., gas chromatography with splitless sample injection, J normal aromatic.!, retention indices of Selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Essent Callinectes...